2014-04-01

Democracy where we´ve come

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Tania Chirico On March 24th 2014 the Argentineans commemorate el Día de la Memoria por la Verdad y la Justicia (Day of Remembrance for Truth and Justice). In Buenos Aires where the main event took place a lot of ceremonial acts of different political organizations reminded of the coup in 1976 which is one of the darkest pages in the Argentinean history. Various political and human rights organizations and families with their children participated in the march that went on from the Congress up to Plaza de Mayo where speeches and music shows were hold from a stage.  The commemoration also took place in the ex ESMA (Escuela de mecánica de la armada- School of Mechanics for the Army) which in former times was used as a detainment camp but since 10 years now  the Museo de Espacio para la Memoria y los Derechos Humanos (Museum exhibit for the Memory and Human Rights) is located there in order to maintain the history of this period. Anyway it is important to underline the fact that this memorial day  does not only  remember the victims of the last  dictatorship but also shows the strength  of this new period of democracy thanks to the union and the participation of the various political organizations  united by the same interests making so this country every day to a better place.

One of the most important thing that showed the manifestation on March 24th  2014 is the  will of the population to deal and to deepen with these political changes that put a solid basis  for the current democracy leaving so the horrible past behind. Talking about the past, about the terrible things that happened between 1976 and the returning of the first democratic government is one of the most important  and  essential steps for every democracy. One of the most revolutionary things of the period after the dictatorship was the  trials to the top military officers for their humanitary crimes during 1976 to 1983. A mesure of great bravery and work, which put one of the key fundation on the road towards the new democracy. Nowadays this basis is crystallized in the march of  March 24thwith the different groups of activists that aside from their different ideas  participate united and in a very peaceful way  to promote the principles of human rights, tolerance and active political participation.

In 2002 the Argentinean Congress created the Día de la Memora por la Verdad (Memorial Day for Truth and Justice) y la Justicia, in 2003 President Kirchner began his policy which aimed not to lose the memory about the past and which tried to overbear and to give truth and justice for the victims’ family. These policies have been continuing until now and are a representation for the strength of the Argentinean democracy that is manifested in many other civic rights for example the legendary fight that the Madres de Plaza de Mayo (mothers of the desaparecidos, missing people during the dirty war) have led over the human rights during the last decades. A fact that also should be pointed is  the democracy that is based within the population and which  strength is coming from the people itself and not forced on the nation without building up the essential groundwork. Although Argentina faced a lot of economic crisis in the past that might be a criterion to destabilize the political system, a huge percentage of the population fight to improve  their political system – how it could be seen in the march of March 24th. And apart from the large number of various currents – which might be difficult to been understand by foreigners – one can notice that an intense institutional  work  focuses on sustaining the democratic system for the future.

El 24 de marzo del 2014 se conmemoró en toda la Argentina  el Día de la Memoria para la verdad y la justicia. En Buenos Aires, donde se llevo a cabo el acto principal, se pudieron encontrar  muchísimos actos donde participaron los distintos grupos políticos que recordaron al golpe de estado del año 1976 el cual cuenta una de las paginas más oscuras de la historia argentina. Diversos grupos políticos, junto con organizaciones de derechos humanos y  familias con niños participaron de la marcha que tuvo lugar desde el Congreso hasta la Plaza de Mayo donde, desde un escenario, se pronunciaban los discursos y se veían los espectáculos de música.  La celebración también se realizó en la ex ESMA (Escuela de mecánica de la armada) el cual había funcionado como centro de detención y que desde hace 10 años funciona como el Museo de Espacio para la Memoria y los Derechos Humanos en función de contener toda la historia de este periodo. De todas maneras es importante destacar que este día dedicado a la memoria no solo recordó a las victimas de la última dictadura sino que también demostró la fuerza que tiene este nuevo periodo democrático gracias a la unión y participación de los distintos grupos políticos bajo un mismo interés, hacer de este un país cada día mejor.

Aquello que enseñó la manifestación del 24 marzo del 2014 es la voluntad del país de ocuparse y profundizar aquellos cambios, que, dejando atrás un pasado horrible, logran poner una base firma a la democracia actual. Hablar del pasado, de las cosas terribles que ocurrieron desde 1976 hasta la vuelta del primer gobierno democrático es un paso importante y necesario para toda democracia. Una de las cosas más revolucionarias de la época una vez terminada la dictadura, fueron los juicios de lesa humanidad a la junta militar que lideró el gobierno desde 1976 a 1983. Una medida de mucho valor y trabajo que puso una de las bases clave en el camino hacia la nueva  democracia.  Hoy en  día, esa base, se concreta en la marcha del 24 de marzo con los distintos grupos de militantes que participan juntos y de un modo pacífico, los cuales dejan de lado sus diferentes intereses y promueven los principios de los derechos humanos, la  tolerancia y activa militancia.En 2002 el Congreso argentino creó el Día de la Memoria por la Verdad y la Justicia, en 2003 el presidente Kirchner inició un periodo con políticas para no perder la memoria y seguir buscando la verdad en pos de superar el pasado y  dar a las familias de las victimas justicia. Esas políticas siguen hasta ahora y son un ejemplo de la fortaleza de la democracia Argentina que se manifiesta en muchos otros derechos ciudadanos consolidados como por ejemplo la legendaria lucha que las Madres de Plaza de Mayo han liderado a favor de los derechos humanos. Es muy importante destacar, que esta democracia le es propia a este pueblo y nunca tuvo la intención de ser semejante a aquellas gestadas en países con distintas experiencias.Y aunque ha habido algunas crisis económicas que pudieron ser un factor de inestabilidad del sistema político, hay una larga generación de argentinos que siguen la lucha y quieren mejorar su sistema político, tal como se pudo ver en la marcha del 24 de marzo. Y a pesar de la gran variedad de corrientes que dictan el ritmo de la política, el cual puede ser un poco difícil de entender para un extranjero, se puede ver que el trabajo de las instituciones se centra en fortificar el sistema democrático.

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